GAZ Group has developed driverless electric buses

GAZ Group has developed driverless electric buses


RusAutoNewsCom. – GAZ Group has developed driverless electric buses on the basis of GAZelle Next LCVs.  The company presents two driverless models in Russia for the first time.  The buses are equipped with two different types of autonomous control systems – as stated by the company.

Both driverless electric vehicles include navigation systems based on high precision GPS/GLONASS modules with differential correction receivers allowing the vehicle’s location to be determined with a precision of up to 1 cm. In order to ensure more stable operation, the systems are supplemented with inertial navigation units allowing the location to be monitored in the event of a short interruption to the satellite signal (for instance, when driving under a bridge). Another element of the complex for receiving high-precision data on a vehicle’s location is the system for recognising road markings and road infrastructure.

One of the presented driverless electric vehicles uses an additional localisation system consisting of laser Lidars. The vehicle has an original technology using indirect features to recognise the boundaries of the roadway if there are no road markings or they are invisible. This technology was developed jointly by GAZ and teams of scientists from the Nizhny Novgorod R.E. Alexeev State Technical University.

The other driverless electric bus has a driving system based on a stereo-camera – passive devices for gathering information about the environment. Because of their low level radiation, these devices allow the system to orientate itself in space without interfering with other self-driving vehicles; the devices themselves are protected from interference, including against cyberattacks. The system includes several blocks of wide-angle stereo-pairs forming a “depth map” around the vehicle, an all-round view subsystem and a wide-radius ultrasonic sensor system. For making the best use of the computing capacity, the data from external sensors are processed with varying frequency, depending on the speed, interference, weather and road conditions.

The LCV sales of the company has grown by 6% year-on-year in Russia in July 2018, with 5068 units. The LCV sales have risen by 8% to 32,100 units within the first seven months of the year, in comparison with the same period of 2017, on the other hand.

GAZ Group plans to increase the sales and production of LCVs by 10% in 2018, compared to 2017.